Cacak through centuries
Appearance and development of settlements on the territory of the city of Cacak is conditioned by the intensity of inhabiting since prehistory when the first settlements and traces of material culture were found. On the basis of found archeological localities and cultural-historical monuments, it is considered that life in this area has existed since 5 000 years B.C. What should be pointed out are necropolis with thumbs from the Bronze and Iron Ages (from XV, IX and VI century B.C.) which were discovered on the locality of Lugovi Bent in Mojsinje, and objects from Duke’s Illyrian thumbs in Atenica are also worth mentioning. That locality is of world’s significance because of exhibits which date back to VI and V centuries B.C. In the time of Roman rule in this part of Serbia, on the place of today’s city, there was a pretty big settlement which is testified by Roman thermal baths discovered in the center of the city.
In the period of Serbian Medieval state the settlement is mentioned in XIII century as Gradac in Studenica Typicon which was written between 1207 and 1215. It was a capital city of parish priest Stracimir, brother of Stefan Nemanja, who is considered the founder of the city. The oldest written notice of Cacak is from 1408 and the court record is kept in Dubrovnik Archive.
New epoch of Cacak development started after 1815 when the city became the centre of Cacak region.
The city started its fast growth in the second half of XIX century when many residential, business and administrative buildings were built. In 2011 the number of population on the territory of the city was 115, 337, while the city itself had 73, 331 citizens. Today, Cacak represents economy, educational, cultural and tourist centre as well as the centre of Morava Region.